Khalifa Ustad Hafizullah Khan

-disciple of Ustad Abdul Habib Khan & son of Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan

Ustad Hafizullah Khan was the only child of the renowned vocalist and sarangi player, Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan Chisti-Sabri and was born in Kirana India, on June 4th, 1946. Actually, Hafizullah Khansahib was the 17th and only surviving child of Abdul Wahid Khansahib and his second wife, as all the other children died at birth or soon after. Hafizullah Khansahib's mother, Naseera Begum or Moodan, recently passed away in Delhi in February 2003. At Wahid Khan's death in 1949, Hafizullah Khansahib was sent to live and study with his uncle, Ustad Abdul Habib Khan. He received exceedingly rigorous training: during the day he was free to fly kites and play with other children, but at night he was required to do riaz (practice) from 10pm to 4am. Hafizullah Khansahib joined his Guru and uncle, Habib Khan, to every concert he performed. Hafizullah Khansahib was trained both in voice and sarangi, but since there were many vocalists, Habib Khan decided Hafizullah Khan should become a sarangi player to be assured of getting work.

"Khalifa of the Kirana Gharana"

Ustad Hafizullah Khan received the title of Khalifa (hereditary head) of the Kirana Gharana (Kirana school of North Indian classical music) in 1964. For thirty five years, Ustad Hafizullah Khan was a staff artist at All India Radio, Delhi, as a senior artist with the highest rating. He received the Swami Haridas Sangeet Samelan Sur Mani Award in 1972, and has played in most of the major music festivals in India. In 1975, 1989 and 1990, Hafizullah Khansahib performed on the sarangi on tour in Europe. Khansahib has students, both sarangi and vocal, from all over the world, including his American disciple, Rose Okada. Last year on Ustad Hafizullah Khan's third and final trip to the USA, he premiered in New York City at the Dream House of Khansahib with La Monte Young and Marian Zazeela on June 13, 2002 in a concert honoring the great Kirana Vocalist, Pandit Pran Nath, who was the foremost disciple of Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan. Pandit Pran Nath was sent by his teacher as a last request to perform and teach the beautiful music of the Kirana School in America.

Hafizullah Khansahib's playing followed the Kirana manner of badhat, the methodical note-by-note unfolding of the raga alap in the vilambit (slow) tempo, in been (plucked, fretted string instrument, predecessor of the sitar) style, as handed down by the great beenkar, Bande Ali Khan (1830-1890). This is characterized by an abundant use of meend, soot and kan (slides & grace notes) with emphasis on sur and raga (pitch & melody). Rhythmic devices, such as tihai, are infrequent and incidental. Khansahib did not play in the instrumental style of jor, jhala and gat, but played khyal gayaki (vocal style) bandish (composition). In drut (fast) tempo, he favored sargam and tan (melodic patterns with & without separate bow articulation) that are offbeat, free of rhythmic constraint, intricate and imaginative in the use of varying melodic permutations, especially, bal pech ("twist tighten", e.g. SRGRRGRRSRGMRRGRRS). His return to the bandish was not fixed and he freely varied the melody and starting beat of the mukhra (pick up phrase to the sum or first beat of the rhythm cycle). Khansahib's technical mastery included exquisite intonation, pure tone, wide dynamic range, graceful command of the bow and effortless speed over the complete range of three octaves. Khansahib's music is above all distinguished by the intense feeling of the raga, a profound repose and a brilliant creativity that is devoid of personality display.
- by Rik Masterson & Rose Okada

Khalifa Samiullah Khan

-disciple and son of Ustad Hafizullah Khan

Born in Kirana in 1982, Samiullah Khan began his initial training of classical Hindustani vocal music and sarangi at age four, under the guidance of his father Ustad Hafizullah Khan. At age six Samiullah had his first public performance on the All India Radio during the Yuva-vani or youth voice. In 1993 he won first prize in the classical vocal music competition at the Urdu Academy of India in Delhi. In 1996, Samiullah won two first prizes, one in voice and one in sarangi, at the All India Vishnu-Digambar Sangeet music competition in Agra. Samiullah has also performed several times, voice and sarangi at the yearly concerts of the Chisti School of Music, raga singing study program. He became the Khalifa of the Kirana Gharana in September 2003. In 2004 Samiullah had his first European tour. Samiullah is an artist of amazing technical ability, great vocal strength and maturity; he is a born performer. A shining light of a person, Samiullah's musical imagination, lightening speed tanas and beautiful voice are a great joy to hear and a promise of the continuation of raga singing at its highest level.

Ustad Abdul Habib Khan

-disciple of Ustad Majid Khan, brother of Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan & guru of Ustad Hafizullah Khan

Ustad Abdul Habib Khan is the younger brother of Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan. Both brothers studied vocal music and sarangi from a young age with their father Ustad Majid Khan. Upon Abdul Wahid Khan's death, his son Hafizullah age 3, was brought up and musically trained by Abdul Habib Khan. Habib Khan was a AIR radio artist, born ~ 1877 in Kirana and died ~ 1963 in Kirana.

Hafizullah Khan biography © Rose Okada and Rik Masterson 2005. All Rights Reserved.